Tempio C

Tempio E

Selinunte was an ancient Greek city founded in the VII BC by colonists from Megara Hyblaea who called it Selinon, as a type of wild parsley that grew abundantly in the area. Selinunte had a short existence but intense (about 200 years), in fact, the prosperity of the city is evidenced from the large sacral and public area that characterizes the archaeological site.

Long allied of Carthage, from which he hoped to get support to fight the rival Segesta, it was finally destroyed by the Carthaginian Hannibal in 409 BC. A major earthquake in the X or XI century perhaps reduced the monuments of the ancient city to a heap of ruins. It was only in the second half of the XVI century that the city was rediscovered by the historian Thomas Fazello, archaeological excavations were undertaken and now the archeological site of Selinunte include the Acropolis, which is located on the western hill and on which stood the walled city; the Eastern Hill, which includes three main temples, one of which was raised again in 1957; the area to the west of the Acropolis where it was another sacred area with temples and shrines. All the material to build the temples was obtained from the quarries of Cusa. Since no one knows for sure to who the temples were dedicated, scholars have labeled them with the letters of the alphabet.

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